What is Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves chronic inflammation of all or part of your digestive tract. IBD primarily includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. IBD can be painful and debilitating, and sometimes leads to life-threatening complications.

What is Ulcerative colitis (UC)?

Ulcerative colitis is a form of IBD. It is more common than Crohn’s disease. It is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes long-lasting inflammation in part of your digestive tract. Symptoms usually develop over time, rather than suddenly. Ulcerative colitis usually affects only the innermost lining of your large intestine (colon) and rectum. It occurs only through continuous stretches of your colon. The main symptom of active disease is usually constant diarrhea mixed with blood, of gradual onset. IBD is often confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

What is Crohn’s disease (CD)?

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation anywhere along the lining of your digestive tract, and often spreads deep into affected tissues. Symptoms include: abdominal pain, diarrhea (sometimes with blood in severe cases), fever or weight loss. Other complications, such as anemia, skin rashes, arthritis, inflammation of the eye, tiredness or oral ulcer may also sometimes occur. The skin rashes may be due to infections as well aspyoderma gangrenosum or erythema nodosum. Bowel obstruction also commonly occurs and those with the disease are at high risk of bowel cancer.

What are the usual and advanced treatments?

For the treatment and drug information, please click http://www.ibd.com.hk/treatment.html